Analysing global hunger

The 2019 Global Report on Food Crises: Joint Analysis for Better Decisions is a product of the Global Network against Food Crises. It is the result of a collaborative effort involving 15 leading global and regional institutions – including the EU, FAO and WFP – to share data, analyses, knowledge and expertise regarding people facing food crises.

The report aims to provide evidence-based and consensual information on acute food insecurity to better inform decision-making by policymakers, humanitarian and development organisations. Food crises are the extreme manifestation of complex crises often caused by interlinked drivers of vulnerability. The GRFC 2019 identifies three lead causes of food insecurity: conflict and insecurity, attributed to 74 million cases of acute hunger; climate and natural disasters, attributed to 29 million; and economic shocks, attributed to 10.2 million.

The number of people who need assistance to meet their daily food needs has been rising in recent years and, although humanitarian spending has significantly increased, from €16.4 billion in 2013 to €24.3 billion in 2017, the report points out that, too often, these resources are spent on tackling the effects of food insecurity, and not early enough on addressing the underlying causes. Nevertheless, according to the authors, humanitarian and development actors are now improving coordination mechanisms, including actors active in conflict prevention where appropriate in order to move away “from delivering aid to ending need.” This ‘new way of working’ is a response to a call for more innovative approaches to sustainably address food crises from the Agenda for Humanity at the World Humanitarian Summit in 2016.

Global Report on Food Crises: Joint Analysis for Better Decisions
By the Food Security Information Network
FSIN, 2019; 202 pp.

Interview with Leonard Mizzi, Head of Unit at the European Commission, Directorate-General for International Cooperation and Development