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Perspectives économiques régionales. Reprise dans un contexte de grande incertitude

© Fonds monétaire international

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Pour qu’un projet d’aide au développement ait un impact positif, y compris dans le secteur de l’agriculture ou de l’agribusiness, certaines conditions doivent être remplies.

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Three new reports focus on food systems and production in Africa to achieve food security and end malnutrition and poverty. Digital technologies, better policies and new farming approaches are all highlighted as means to achieve these aims.

En Afrique, 420 millions de personnes (soit 60 % de la population) ont entre 15 et 35 ans. Un nombre qui devrait doubler d’ici à 2040. Sur le continent, l’agriculture est un secteur primordial, puisqu’il représente près des deux tiers des emplois. “Ils l’ont fait !” met ainsi en évidence les réalisations de 24 jeunes entrepreneurs promus par AgribusinessTV, une webtélé créée en 2016 au Burkina Faso.

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In the 48 pages of their annual report, CTA demonstrates the extent to which their actions in support of digitalisation contribute to agricultural transformation in ACP countries. “It is becoming increasingly evident that a strong focus on digitalisation as a means to drive agricultural transformation is bearing dividends in the forms of increased production, better livelihoods, more efficient value chains and ultimately greater food and nutrition security,” is the message from Michael Hailu, CTA Director.

The 2019 Global Report on Food Crises: Joint Analysis for Better Decisions is a product of the Global Network against Food Crises. It is the result of a collaborative effort involving 15 leading global and regional institutions – including the EU, FAO and WFP – to share data, analyses, knowledge and expertise regarding people facing food crises.

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Leonard Mizzi, Head of Unit at the European Commission, Directorate-General for International Cooperation and Development, highlights the critical role of integrated action and collaboration in order to address the challenges raised by the latest global report on food crises.

For decades, farm data across ACP countries has been collected by governments, financial service providers and even mobile network operators, to provide insights into agriculture that can be used to shape and influence the sector from the top down. But with more than 40% of African households now belonging to farmer cooperatives – many of which digitally record and store their members’ farm data – decision-makers increasingly acknowledge that a more localised and inclusive approach to data may be the best way to transform agriculture.

Depuis l’adoption des ODD par les Nations unies, l’agriculture doit répondre à une série élargie de priorités : préservation des ressources et des écosystèmes, emploi des jeunes, adaptation au changement climatique… L’agroécologie est l’une des solutions pour répondre à ces défis.

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Improved trade for farmers and agribusinesses in Africa’s least developed countries could stimulate economic development and improve food security in these regions. Aligning trade and farming policies can, however, be challenging, and policy incoherence between the two sectors negatively impacts value chain development and farmer prosperity.

As climate change causes extended droughts and increasingly erratic rainfall in Africa, efficient management of the continent’s water resources has never been so important. The pressure placed on Africa’s agricultural systems by the growing population furthers the need for smart irrigation strategies to ensure food security. However, 62% of Africa’s crops are currently rain-fed.

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Dr Ousmane Badiane, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) Director for Africa, highlights opportunities to boost Africa’s intra-regional trade following the launch of the Africa Agriculture Trade Monitor 2018.

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By examining the driving forces behind increased agricultural trade, at global and regional levels, the Africa Agriculture Trade Monitor 2018 provides insight into the transformation of African economies. The success of intra-regional trade and improved global exports are studied against the backdrop of increasing African imports.